margalla hills

Margalla Hills: A Natural Jewel of Pakistan

Nestled in the heart of Pakistan, the Margalla Hills form a captivating and picturesque range of hills that offer a stunning natural backdrop to the country’s capital, Islamabad. This natural wonder has long been a haven for hikers, nature enthusiasts, and wildlife lovers. In this article, we’ll delve into the beauty and significance of the Margalla Hills and explore why they are a treasured gem of Pakistan.

Pir Sohawa

Nestled high in the picturesque Margalla Hills, Pir Sohawa is a serene and scenic spot that serves as an idyllic escape from the hustle and bustle of Pakistan’s capital city, Islamabad. Offering breathtaking views, delicious cuisine, and a tranquil atmosphere, Pir Sohawa is a popular destination for both locals and tourists alike.

Geography and Location

The Margalla Hills are a part of the larger Himalayan foothills system, extending from Jammu and Kashmir in the north to the Attock District in the south. These hills cover an area of approximately 12,605 hectares and are a prominent feature in the northeastern part of Islamabad, the nation’s capital. The Margalla range is comprised of three main hills: Saddle Peak, Rawalpindi Hills, and Margalla Hills Proper.

Nestled amidst the pristine and rugged landscape of Pakistan’s northern region, Lulusar Lake is a sparkling jewel in the crown of the Himalayas.

Natural Beauty and Biodiversity

The Margalla Hills offer a captivating blend of natural beauty. Covered with lush greenery, these hills provide a stark contrast to the urban landscape of Islamabad. The landscape varies from rugged rocky outcrops to dense forests, making it a treat for the eyes at any time of the year.

The hills are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Various species of birds, including eagles and partridges, find their refuge here. Additionally, you can spot animals such as leopards, wild boars, and porcupines. The Margalla Hills National Park, established in 1980, plays a crucial role in conserving this rich biodiversity. Efforts have been made to protect the habitat of the Himalayan Monal, a colorful pheasant native to these hills and the national bird of Pakistan.

Hiking and Trekking Paradise

For adventure seekers and outdoor enthusiasts, the Margalla Hills provide numerous hiking and trekking opportunities. The network of trails crisscrossing the hills caters to individuals of all fitness levels. The most famous trail, the Margalla Hills Trail 3, takes you to the top of the hills and rewards you with panoramic views of Islamabad and the surrounding areas. The trail is often frequented by both locals and tourists, making it a popular destination for a day out in nature.

Margalla Hills: A Natural Jewel of Pakistan

Cultural and Historical Significance

Beyond their natural beauty, the Margalla Hills also have cultural and historical importance. Several ancient Buddhist sites have been discovered in the area, dating back to the Gandhara civilization. These sites include stupas, monasteries, and relics, attesting to the region’s rich history.

The Daman-e-Koh viewpoint, located in the Margalla Hills, is another place of significance. It offers a breathtaking view of Islamabad and the Faisal Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the world. This viewpoint is a favorite spot for tourists and locals alike, offering a glimpse into Pakistan’s Islamic heritage and modern development.

Preservation Efforts

To protect the ecological integrity of the Margalla Hills, various conservation measures have been implemented. The Margalla Hills National Park serves as a sanctuary for wildlife and flora. Additionally, awareness campaigns and educational programs are conducted to inform visitors about the importance of preserving this natural treasure.


The Margalla Hills are not merely a range of hills; they are a symbol of Pakistan’s natural beauty and biodiversity. They offer a refuge for those seeking solace in nature, adventure seekers, and history enthusiasts. As we move forward, it’s crucial to ensure that these hills continue to thrive and serve as a reminder of the intrinsic connection between humans and the environment. The Margalla Hills are a testament to Pakistan’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage for generations to come.

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